Welding Pot Metal – Tips For How to Tig Weld it With HTS-2000, Aladdin 3 in 1, Or Durafix

Welding pot metal is not as hard as people say, but it is not as easy as you might think…unless you know the tricks.

Pot metal is used for all kinds of cheap trinkets like figurines, cookie cutters, hole punch handles and especially old automotive window crank handles.  The problem with welding this kind of stuff is that sometimes the effort that goes into welding it is just not worth it. But there are some things made from pot metal that are worth fixing. Some of the ones that come to mind are antiques, old classic car parts like trim and ornaments, and grandmas old cookie cutter that is not worth anything but has sentimental value.

 Pot metal is made from aluminum, zinc, copper and possibly a few other low melting point metals in various combinations. It’s also referred to as Die Cast metal.

It’s the zinc that makes it a pain  to weld because zinc has such a low  melting point and also tries to out-gas when tig welded. But It can be welded with few problems if you know how.

The 3 main welding rods are :

  1. HTS-2000
  2. Durafix
  3. Alladin 3 in 1 

These rods are advertised to be able to weld using only a small hand held propane torch. That is actually brazing, not welding, but the sales guys at boat shows are really impressive when they braze repair big holes in beer cans.

But these Zinc aluminum brazing rods can also be used to Tig Weld Pot Metal.

If you are pretty decent at tig welding aluminum, you can surely read this article and do OK tig welding this stuff too.

Generally,  pot metal parts are pretty clean so only a minor bit of grinding is required before welding. Usually the problem is that something just broken off clean. If that’s the case, a little grooving out of the crack will permit enough penetration for a strong joint. Remember, if it’s an ornamental piece, and its broken because someone dropped it, Its going to break again if its dropped again no matter how deep you penetrate the weld, so take it easy on the penetration.

You need an A/C tig welding machine with high frequency start.  Most  jobs can be welded with a small 1/16  inch tungsten electrode with a blunt taper on the tip.  Set the amperage to only about 80 amps and you probably wont even need near that much.

Tig weld it just like you would aluminum except that you will only weld for about 5 or 10 seconds at a time before stopping to let it cool. Just when it gets to flowing good. STOP! Its about to melt and fall in your lap. That is the best tip around for welding this stuff.

Stop often and let cool.

Needle Scaler and Debris Removal

One of the most important aspects of almost any job in a modern auto workshop is getting the area that you are working on as clean as possible. Removing dirt and debris from the area where you want to carry out a repair makes finding and isolating the problem much easier, and makes fixing it simple. While it is possible under certain circumstances to use solvents and other cleaning agents to get an area ready to work in, the best air tool to properly prepare an area and remove the dirt that can compromise your repair is a needle scaler.

Needle scalers are one of the most important air tools in a modern mechanic’s armory, and have literally hundreds of different uses in the workshop. These are simple but effective air tools that are amongst the most efficient method of clearing debris from an area to prepare it for work.

A needle scaler is an air tool that replies on a supply of compressed air that forces a piston backwards and forwards. This piston is connected to a number of very fine chisels that resemble needles. By pushing the needles forward at a very high speed – up to around 5000 times per second – the needle scaler is able to rapidly chip away at any debris in an area and clear it back to bare clean metal in a matter of seconds without the need for any expensive and messy solvents or other cleaning products.

The secret of the success of a needle scaler is the fact that it works at such high speeds. Because the chisels move so fast, they only need to move a small distance, which means that the tool is incredible accurate and precise when used. Someone who is experienced in using a needle scaler will find that it is an excellent way of removing paint, rust, and other things from a surface with a minimum of fuss.

The air tool can be held in a similar manner to a large pen, and gradually used to clean a surface to a very high standard quickly. Different products are available that offer different numbers of needle points, or work at higher or lower power speeds. When choosing a needle scaler for your workshop, there are a number of factors to consider including the price you are willing to pay, and how much you are going to use the tool. If you are likely to use needle scalers a lot – and most mechanics find that they are – it makes sense to buy one that will go the distance, and will clean effectively to reduce the amount of time a job takes.

Ingersoll Rand needle scaler, one of the top names in air powered tools produce a standard duty needle scaler that Red Hill Supply has on sale at around $165, which is a real bargain considering that the recommended price is more than $300. This tool has 19 needles and pumps out at 4600 cycles per minute, making it very effective at cleaning even the hardest contamination from an area.

Florida Pneumatic offers a similarly priced needle scaler which has been designed with a pistol style grip to make it more comfortable in use, and easier to poke into confined areas. The FPT 1050 offers lower levels of power than the Ingersoll Rand product, with a maximum speed of 2700 cycles per minute in normal use. The tool weighs around 4 ½ pounds, which means that it is still light enough to use for short jobs, but you may find it tiring to clean larger areas using it.

If you don’t yet require the power of one of the high end needle scalers from Ingersoll Rand, then it is probably still worth considering something like the lightweight pneumatic scraper kit from Astro Pneumatic. At less than $45, this tool is perfectly adequate for light surface cleaning, and can even remove spot welds with a little effort. While it may not have the effectiveness of a more powerful needle scaler, it will still give acceptable results in most cases.

How To Choose The Right Hubcaps For Your Car

Hubcaps are fun to look at. There are so many different shapes and finishes to play with it would make your head spin. Now the fun part is based solely on you. When you find the set of hubcaps that is calling your name there is no denying the instant attraction. But is it all about looks and do you really need hubcaps?

The first question is who needs hubcaps? The easy answer is every driver who tries to stay within his or her budget. Some people love the look of flashy rims but others want the best of both worlds, the look of rims without the high price tag. Online car accessory retailers love people cater to people who are financially responsible but who won’t sacrifice an ounce of their personal style.

A great set of hubcaps can make an unmistakable fashion statement and can make any car stand out in a crowd. Some people go for the chrome while others prefer the sleek almost scary black hubcaps that look like they were birthed from the darkest part of the ocean. Some designs are simple and understated for the business professional, while others look like they want to transform before your very eyes and are perfect for the bold and daring. Still others prefer the classic chrome in modern shapes. Other abstract or free form designs seem as though they were fashioned with alien technology and sensibilities. In any case the tastes represented are wide and varied.

In the case of hubcaps size actually matters, in fact, it’s extremely important. After you figure out the style or look your want to give your ride its vital to get the correct measurement of the hubcap you will need. At this point most people will want to bring out the measuring tape and line it up against the round tire but this is a mistake. The only way to find out the size of your wheel cover is to verify the size of your tires. If you check the sides of your tire you will see a long code that ends in the letter “R” and another number. So if you see, for example, a code ending in R14 it means that you need 14″ hubcaps for your car. The code R15 corresponds to 15″, R16 corresponds to 16″ and so on.

Online retailers now offer the largest variety of sizes imaginable so you can get even the elusive 13″ hubcaps for your car. What’s more they come in many finishes and materials. Although many car buffs may have a preference for chrome, chrome and more chrome all over their cars, others may fall in love with the modern look of the sleek black hubcaps that are growing in popularity. So don’t hold back you can express yourself with any look you want without breaking the bank.

A History of Yoshisuke Aikawa – Founder of Nissan

Yoshisuke Aikawa was the founder and first president of Nissan zaibatsu. He was born in 1880 in what is now part of Yamaguchi city. Aikawa graduated from Tokyo Imperial University in engineering and went to work for Shibaura Saisakusho the forerunner of Toshiba. He made a trip to the United States where he researched malleable cast iron. When he returned to Japan he established the Tobata Foundry in 1909 which is known now as the Hitachi Metals company.

In 1928 Yoshisuke Aikawa became the president of Kuhara Mining Company, now the Nippon Mining & Metals Company. He created a holding company called Nihon Sangyo or Nissan for short. In the stock market boom following 1931, Aikawa bought majority shareholdings in over a hundred subsidiary companies of Nissan to create the Nissan Konzerne. This group included some of the most technologically advanced companies in Japan at that time.

In 1937 he moved to Manchukuo and eventually moved the headquarters of Nissan to Manchukuo where it became part of the Manchurian Industrial Development Company. As president and chairman, he guided all industrial efforts in Manchukuo and received bank loans from American steel industrialists to support the Manchukuo economy.

Yoshisuke Aikawa was not in agreement with the political views of the Imperial Japanese Army and predicted that Nazi Germany would be defeated if a general war broke out. He also supported the Fugu Plan to settle Jewish refugees in Manchukuo. Forced by the Kwantung Army, Aikawa resigned as chairman in 1942 and moved back to Japan. After the surrender of Japan, Yoshisuke Aikawa was arrested by the American occupation authorities and imprisoned in the Sugamao Prison for twenty months as a Class A war crimes suspect. He was freed but during this time the Nissan zaibatsu had been dissolved.

After he was released, Yoshisuke Aikawa played a key role in the post war economic reconstruction of Japan and purchased a commercial bank to organize loans to small companies. The zaibatsu was reformed into Nichiyo-kai, Nissan Group.

Nissan Motors was a small side business for Nissan Group compared to the core real estate business. During the real estate crash of the 1990s the Nissan Group shed the majority of its real estate gave Nissan Motors more independence especially after Renault SA bought a 39% stake. The turnaround of Nissan can be attributed to the CEO Carlos Ghosn who was installed in 1999. He detached Nissan Motors from the Nissan keiretsu connections and debt.

Yoshisuke Aikawa died in 1967 of gall bladder inflammation and is buried in Tama Cemetery outside Tokyo.

How to Find Unadvertised Discounts on New Cars

In order to make money, dealerships aim to earn the most money possible on each car sale. However, other factors influence dealer pricing and can lead to unbeatable discount prices for new car buyers. Learn how to take advantage of unadvertised deals such as; factory to dealer incentives, dealership overstock clearance sales, and below invoice sale prices.

MSRP vs. Invoice Price

The MSRP or Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price is just that, a suggestion. The invoice price is what dealerships pay the manufacturer for a new vehicle. When shopping for a new car you should aim to pay less than MSRP. The closer you pay to the invoice price, the better the deal. Paying below car invoice prices will maximize your savings.

Factory to Dealer Incentives

Auto makers often provide factory to dealer incentives, to entice dealers to sell more of a specific model. Factory to dealer incentives allow dealers to pay less than invoice price for the new vehicle. Dealers are not obligated to advertise or pass along these discounts to consumers. Some may keep the extra profits, while other dealers may be willing to pass along some of the savings to consumers.

If you want to take advantage of factory to dealer incentives you’ll need to negotiate. Since dealer incentives are offered to all dealerships within a region, making dealers compete for your business will encourage them to drop their price below dealer cost.

Dealership Overstock Clearance

Dealers must pay to keep vehicles in stock. If a certain model is overstocked the dealer will be paying extra and earning little on sales. Often overstocked dealers are willing to sell new vehicles at or below dealer cost just to make room for higher demand vehicles.

The longer a specific vehicle has been on the lot, the more likely the dealer will be to drop the price. Shopping for outgoing models or at year end is a great time to take advantage of these kinds of discounts.

Meeting Sales Goals

Both car dealerships and salespeople strive to meet monthly sales goals. Meeting goals can mean cash bonuses to the salesperson, or increased factory to dealer incentives to the dealership. Either way, it’s an incentive to move inventory.

Shopping at the end of the month is a great way to take advantage of dealers struggling to reach target sales. If losing a few thousand on one vehicle means a large bonus, the dealer is likely to take the loss to gain more profit.